The Processes Used to Recycle, Treat, and Divert Municipal Solid Waste Away From Landfills.
A guide to the Waste Management Technologies which are being used to divert waste away from landfills to comply with national targets for waste diversion, which entails waste minimization, re-use, recycling, and various forms of waste treatment to render the residual waste still sent to landfill, more stable and less of a potential threat to the environment once it is placed in a landfill.
The types of waste technology covered include:
Mechanical Biological Treatment
Residual waste Materials Recovery Facility (Dirty MRF)
Energy from Waste
Moving Grate Incinerators
Fluidised Bed Incinerators
Other Kilns Incinerators
Materials Recovery Facilities (Clean MRF) and (Dirty MRF)
Mechanical Heat Treatment
Pyrolysis & Gasification
Other ‘Waste Pre–Treatment’ options
Steam Reformation Processes /
Mechanical Separation / Pulverisation
The Dano Drum
The Ball Mill
Refuse Derived Fuel plant
Recent Developments in Waste Minimisation and Diversion
The Newest Waste Technology of All?
Waste Technologies In Context
What These Waste Technologies And Better Waste Management Can Achieve
The book will be of interest to all those with an interest in finding out about the technical details of how waste is recycled and /or processed through the many modern Integrated Waste Management Plants which are increasingly being constructed in many city and rural locations.
The book is written from a United Kingdom and EU perspective, by a UK based waste management professional, but is also relevant to United States (US) waste management practice.
The book refers to the EU Landfill Directives, the Waste Incineration Directive and other regulations such as the Animal By-products Regulations as apply to implementing each waste technology and waste processing. It also highlights how various waste products are being increasingly sold into profitable markets with the aid of new waste processing quality protocols, such as PAS100 and PAS110.
It includes flow charts which show the paths of the constituents of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) through each generic waste technology process, with approximate mass balances through the process, and very broad comparative costs to give readers a concept of the costs involved (wide ranges and low data availability mean that these are not suitable to be used for estimating purposes).
Also included are tables summarizing the advantages and disadvantages of each waste technology.
The ebook concludes with sections on the benefits of the waste processes described, in terms of improved the sustainability of waste management being achieved by the implementation these new waste technologies, and in principle what this can mean to indivduals seeking jobs in waste management.
It includes a summary, placing waste management technological developments and the concept of "zero waste" in context, and the extent to which full implmentation of recycling and waste diversion targets will go a long way to enabling those nations which are implmenting EU regulations, and the many others (including a number of US states which are following similar goals), to comply with their carbon emissions target commitments.
It ends with a short conclusion of progress so far in compliance with waste reduction and landfill diversion targets within the UK and Europe, and a vision for the future of resource management.